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The argument from natural evil in its most basic form states that if there is an omniGod a being that is omniscient omnipotent and perfectly good then there would be no natural evil in the world but because there is natural evil in the world an omniGod does not exist A theodicy is a form of argument that tries to deal with the problem that natural evil poses A theodicy will offer justifications for God allowing natural evils to exist in the world The following essay is going to look at three such theodicies namely Free Will theodicies Absorption theodicies and a form of theodicy from a Biblical perspective and critically assess each of their attempts at justifying natural evil in the face of an omniGod In order to understand justifications put forward by theists for the existence of natural evils in a world created by an all powerful all loving all good God one must first recognise the distinction between moral and natural evils A moral evil is one that is brought about by the actions of morally free agents Moral evils can also be produced by a failure to act under certain circumstances OHear 1984 For example poverty may be seen as a moral evil in that it is the result of the refusal of morally free agents such as government authorities to aid others in need In contrast a natural evil is one that is brought about through no fault of morally free agents The most common example of a natural evil would be suffering caused by a catastrophic event such as a hurricane earthquake or flood The first theistic approach I am going to look at is the free will defence which is probably the most popular of theistic approaches as it takes the responsibility away from God and lays it on the head of morally free agents The free will defence in its most basic form states
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