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Word Count: 1,692
In the play No Exit Sartre examines the question of existence and essence through the actions of Garcin Inez and Estelle Since they have all recently died they must confront the existence of their consciousness as their physical bodies are buried on earth Using each individuals consciousness and the other part of himherself that observes that consciousness Sartre creates a situation where each character must ignore or accept the judgment of the other two For example when they first meet Inez says that Garcins mouth looks grotesquely frightened Since there are no mirrors Garcin must decide if Inez is right or what he thinks himself is right In this case Garcin believes Inez rather than his own judgment He lets her define his essence or personal characteristics and thus in Sartres definition has bad faith Sartre uses exposition to introduce his audience to each character by placing them in a strange and unusual situation Each character thus explains how they died and what they think of their roomhell with out sounding awkward Sartre also foreshadows many of the major themes of the play in this first section For example even though they are already dead and have nothing to hide each character continues to lie to themselves Garcin pretends to find the furniture shocking while Estelle pretends that she is in hell by mistake Also Estelles first impression that Garcin was her dead lover foreshadows their future relationship Because the two lie to themselves they are acting in bad faith Sartre tends to emphasize the theme of self-deception throughout this play Even though they are already dead both Garcin and Estelle will not admit to themselves why they are in hell They have nothing to lose by admitting the truth but they are so in the habit of being dishonest with themselves they cannot admit even the most obvious truth Only Inez refuses to lie calling herself a damned bitch and demanding that the other
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