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Word Count: 447
Biblical Allusion in The Grapes of Wrath A popular literary technique that can be found in a number of literary works is the biblical allusion John Steinbeck perfects this technique in his novel The Grapes of Wrath by introducing a character who is symbolic of Jesus Christ This character Jim Casy not only shares initials with this biblical figure but he also grows thoughout the novel as a speaker a mediator an organizer and most remarkably a martyr At the advent of the novel Jim Casy is quick to protest that he is no longer a preacher Nevertheless evidence of his innate speaking ability is brought forth when he explains his thoughts and ideas to Tom For example Casy remarks that maybe theres jus one but soul an everyones a part of it immediately foreshadowing his future decision to unite with other migrant workers Casys allusion to Jesus Christ serves as the force behind Toms character as it changes throughout the novel from self-absorbed to one who thinks about the future and what he can do to help Also Casy utilizes his organizational skills when he unites some of his fellow reds and they discuss the changes that need to be made In this very scene of the novel deputies begin to harass the men and Casy cries out You dont know what youre doing Youre helpin to starve children This is the final stage of Casys symbolism to Jesus he is killed while preaching what he believes and therefore becomes a martyr for all the migrant workers Casys symbolic death can be easily predicted At one point he goes as far as telling Tom that theres gonna be sumthin dat changes the whole country Not no one knows bout it yet but they will Clearly Steinbeck created this biblically alluded character for a certain purpose - to plant the concept of unity among the migrant
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