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Conformity and Obedience Question 1 Explain what is meant be the terms Conformity and Obedience Conformity is acting in terms of the accepted behaviour of a social group or a change in the behaviour of the minority to fit the behaviour of the majority For example Jennes study showed that when asked to estimate the number of beans in a bottle people would come up with different results he then asked them to come up with a group estimate then a second individual estimate The second individual estimate was a lot closer to the group estimate than the first Obedience is submission to anothers authority For example Reverend Jim Jones took 911 people from San Francisco to found his cult The peoples temple in Jonestown a town he had them build in Guyana South America After a time he told them all to drink a mixture of Cool-aid a grape flavoured soft drink and cyanide as well as various other drugs Most obeyed him and those who didnt told of parents first giving the drink to their children before themselves Question 2 Describe one research study that has explored conformity Asch 1951 wanted to discover if people looking to others for guidance when they were unsure solely caused conformity To discover this he used the line judgement task as shown below The participants were given two cards one showing the above line X the standard line one showing the lines A B and C the comparison lines They were then asked to judge which comparison line matched the standard line First he did this experiment with a control group of people where all pressure was removed 3537 participants were correct one made a single mistake whilst another made two In the experimental test only one participant and the rest of the group were stooges confederates the participant was the last to answer and the confederates would give the wrong answer
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