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Word Count: 755
To understand why the Athenians executed Socrates in 399 one must first take a deeper look into his life Socrates was born in 469 in Athens son of the sculptor Sophroniscus and the midwife Phainarete He belonged to the small Athenian bourgeoisie He began to work in his fathers workshop After 421 he married Xanthippe and had three sons Socrates lived in the period of the war of Peloponnese He was a brave fighter at Poleidaia Delion and at Amphipolis in 422 He showed force courage and generosity Throughout his political life Socrates did not have governmental charges and he never tried to have any In 405-406 he was a member of the Council of the Five hundred At the time Athens was under a democratic government Socrates was chosen a judge He was the only one to side against the democratic government that wanted to make summary justice accusing the admirals collectively like it was established on the contrary by the law In 408 Athens was under the oligarchical government of the Thirty Socrates was charged with four other citizens to arrest the democratic Lion of Salamis He thought this was not just and refused to execute it In Socrates philosophical activity Cicero asserts that Socrates for the first time made the philosophy come down from the sky and transported it in the cities introducing it also in the houses and forcing it to take care of issues relating life customs good and evil There was a time in Greece when the scholars enjoyed great esteem and encouraged prejudice and obsolete superstitions These people gave themselves the noble name of Sophists which due to their name became a repulsive name They took care of the education of the youth taught the sciences arts moral philosophy and religion Difficulties and obstacles stood in Socrates way as he made the great decision to spread virtue and wisdom among his fellow men The troubles that Socrates
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