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Word Count: 702
The Bible is the sacred book of Christianity including both the Old Testament and the New Testament The bible is a collection of 66 books Within these 66 books is the story of the development of the Judeo-Christian tradition Thorough examination of these 66 books suggests how the literature was produced and how it reached its final form The purpose of this paper is to discuss the process of canonization the categories includedexcluded from the Jewish or Christian Bible and the process of transmission of the Bible through the centuries The canon of the Bible consists of the works that have been measured by the respective religious communities and been found to meet the criteria by which they were evaluated The process of canonization began as the literature was formed It is suspected that the formation of the literature began very early in the national history of Judaism beginning at least with the discovery of the scroll of the Law in the Temple in 621 BCE A heretic The Gnostic Marcion can really be credited with moving New Testament literature to the status of scripture He included in his collection many of the letters of Paul and a blending of the Gospels Many Christians were relying on the literature of early Christianity as having the authorship of scripture The church fathers realizing this began to publish lists of literature commenting on the reliability of the various works Those lists became the foundation for the official New Testament Not all works that had been used as scripture by all portions of the Christian community were included in the final canon The limits of the Jewish canon were established by a council of Pharisaic Jews meeting at Jamnia in 90 CE The events of history had barred them from their Holy City and Temple The Council of Jamnia was convened for the sole purpose of determining how to understand and control how Judaism would survive
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