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Word Count: 1,471
The Cherokees first concession to the United States government regarding their territories came on November 281785 at Hopewell South Carolina About one thousand Cherokee attended the signing of this treaty Thirty-seven chiefs and principle men representing numerous Cherokee towns and groups signed the treaty The first treaty would be a rehearsal for those to come There would be considerable argument and contention regarding its terms from both the Cherokee and the whites that were in attendance The representatives from North Carolina and Georgia were particularly vociferous given that the terms of the treaty confirmed Cherokee control of lands which had previously been taken by those two states without Cherokee consent The overall terms of the treaty were disadvantageous to the Cherokee on the whole however Their protests about white settlers on lands which were supposed to be under their control fell on largely deaf ears and no provisions were made to force the removal of the encroachers Subsequent treaties between the Cherokee and the United States government would echo the atmosphere and overall effect of the original treaty Each subsequent treaty resulted in a greater and greater gain for the white encroachers and more and more loss for the Cherokee people Before the forced removal of 1838 Cherokee land would have shrunk to a small fraction of what it had been before the whites had entered their country The Indian people were looked at by most whites not as the rightful owners of their own land but as the festering sore that afflicted the settlers and limited the colonization of this great land Serious trouble would start regarding the Cherokees land holdings in Georgia with the 1802 negotiations with France for the Louisiana Purchase As part of those negotiations Georgia agreed to release to the federal government their holdings in Alabama and Mississippi with the provision that in return the federal government would acquire what was then Indian lands
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