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Classical conditioning was discovered by Ivan Pavlov His discovery was made during a study on the salivation of dogs when given food Pavlov observed that the dogs began salivating at the sound of the scientists footsteps and at their appearance into the room This led Pavlov to study the phenomenon further The experiments that Pavlov was originally observing were based on the set of unconditioned stimulus and its unconditioned response What is meant by conditioned is that the response is automatic and based on instinct The stimulus is known as the unconditioned stimulus With Pavlovs new observations a new set of stimulus and response was found This new set is known as the conditioned stimulus and the conditioned response Conditioned response is when the response is learned The stimulus begins as neutral and causes no conditioned response However if the neutral stimulus can be associated with another stimulus then it becomes a conditioned stimulus Classical conditioning can be exemplified in the home and school In the home a child could smell brownies baking in the kitchen which makes his mouth water The brownies are the unconditioned stimulus the smell is the conditioned stimulus and the watering of the mouth is the conditioned response In working situation a man may be waiting to be fired When he sees his boss he begins to sweat The unconditioned stimulus is getting fired the conditioned stimulus is the sight of the boss the conditioned response is the sweating In school a boy may be in class when suddenly the fire alarm goes off at which time the boy walks to exit the building The unconditioned stimulus is fear of a fire the conditioned stimulus is the sound of the alarm and the conditioned response is the exiting of the building In closing classical conditioning is a
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