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The Development of synthetic organsResearch is being done on developing new ways to make semi-syntheic organs or Neo-organs that will be useful in the treatment of patients requiring transplants or reconstructive surgery Currently hospitals are using similar technology in producing skin cartiledge bone ligament and tendon tissuesPresently bone morphogenic proteins or BMPs are being produced and are being used to inject into a bone fracture These BMPs were discovered in 1965 when Marshall R Urist of the University of California did experiments where he would inject dogs with leg fractures with powdered bone The powdered bone would lead to significant healing of the fractures Creative Biomolecules a research company in Hopkinton Mass Has completed experiments where BMP-7 has successfully been proven to aid in the healing of bone fractures This experiment compared patients who were given injections of the BMPs and patients with bone fragments taken from other parts of the body to graft to the fracture used as a basis for the growth of new bone cells The results showed that both groups had recovered to an equal extentIn order for the growth of whole organs to be possible it is necessary to also develop a way for the organs to simultaneously grow blood vessels that will supply the organ with oxygen Without such blood vessels the organs will die Judah Folkman of Harvard Medical Schools Childrens Hospital has through cancer research shown that the human body can make new blood vessels it is just a matter of when to promote the bodys production of them and when to halt the processMichael J Yaszemski of the Mayo Clinic Alan W Yasko of the MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston and AntonioG Mikos of the Rice University have been working on making injectable polymers that can be molded and will set in a hard form in approxiamtely fifteen minutes The polymers act as a three dimensional matrix on and through which cartiledge can form
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