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Word Count: 1,615
Those who adhere to the discourse of globalization argue that the emergence of a global culture is inevitable but the rise of national religious and ethnic cultural movements which resist to the homogenizing influences of globalization makes this claim unclear In this sense a description of an irresistible globalization process and the idea of an upcoming global village may not be entirely convincible Under this framework I will focus on the conflict in the Northern Ireland and Irish Republican Army IRA which is an armed nationalist organization devoted to the integration of Ireland as a complete and independent unit In Northern Ireland also called Ulster there are two major groups of community-the Protestants and the Catholics The Protestants make up the majority of the population of Northern Ireland and they want to remain under British rule as a part of the United Kingdom On the other hand the Catholics who were often treated unequally by the Protestants want a united island of Ireland that is ruled by a government in Dublin The conflict between the Irish and the British goes back to 12th century when the English defeated the Irish After this defeat for seven hundred years the English maintained the rule of Ireland until 1920s when the island was partitioned Hoppen 1989 After the First World War the British political establishment decided to leave Ireland politically and militarily But at that time the Protestant majority in the Northern Ireland were identifying themselves more British than Irish McCaffrey explains the difference between two sides in this way Although Ulster Protestants insist on a cultural and religious uniqueness and a Britishness that separates their community from Catholic Ireland politicians in the South have reinforced the psychological border that divides the two Irelands by fostering a Gaelic Irish identity and a confessional state that reflects the values ethos rules and regulations of the Catholic church Because of this semi-British identity of Northern Irish people the British
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