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The Ethical Theories of Plato and Aristotle and State which would Produce a More Moral Society Moral organized societies do no simply happen They are products of principle beliefs and strict codes on ethics based on the knowledge of leaders and philosophers Both Aristotle and Plato had their views on what would make a moral and just society Aristotle was a Greek philosopher who was born at Stagira in 384 BC and he died in 322 BC He planed and organized projects of empirical research that were supported by Alexander the Great The projects led to discoveries in the fields of natural research Plato was also a Greek philosopher and educator He was born in Athens in 427 BC and died at the age of 80 in 347 BC Plato devoted most of his time to teaching and lecturing at his academy He contradicts most of the theories of the sophist Plato was a functionalist in that he believed that everything of importance in a society was determined by its practicality and usefulness He also recognized the importance of things in a society are dependent on each other in order to maintain cultural and social unity Plato was bounded by certain principles unlike those of the sophist who believed that happiness and pleasure were linked They believe once an individual could escape after having committed an unlawful act which brings them pleasure that deed is acceptable He Plato considered that ones knowledge of a good life would prevent them from doing wrong Plato was of the opinion that without knowledge wickedness in a society would result He promoted the view that knowledge could only be achieved through training this would result in the good life He believed that individuals could also achieve the good life through imitating those who have this knowledge Plato went onto stress that there is only one good life for
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