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Word Count: 1,811
aFree morphemes and bound morphemes Free morphemes are morphemes that are able to stand on its own in a language This is usually a stem or root word So the meaning of the word allows us to identify the number of morphemes in a word Examples of free morphemes are walk happy white run sad black Bound morphemes are morphemes that are unable to stand own its own These morphemes usually occur as an affix In terms of prefixes they may be un in undress dis in discontinue and mis in misunderstand In terms of suffixes they may appear in ness in kindness ment in movement ly in quickly All inflectional and derivational morphemes are bound morphemes Eg ain-distinguish-able b explain-ing bInflectional morphemes and derivational morphemes Inflectional morphemes are morphemes that have grammatical function but do not change the lexical category or the meaning of the word They are usually suffixes There are eight inflectional morphemes in English They are SuffixExampleType Form -sTalk 3rd person present -edTalkedPast form -ingTalkinging participle -ed -enTalked Brokened participle -sDogsPlural sMothersPossessive -erSmallerComparative -estSmallestSuperlative Derivational morphemes are morphemes that can either change the meaning or the word class of a word Examples of derivational morphemes are mis in the word misuse un in the word unhappy In these cases the root words have changed in meaning upon adding the prefix thereby creating a new word In terms of changing the word class we can see through the examples of ness as in happiness and ly as in quickly In the case of happiness the root word happyis an adjective and with the adding of the morpheme ness it changes to a noun For the instance of the morpheme ly the root word is quick which is an adjective Upon adding the morpheme the word class changes to an adverb All prefixes are derivational
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