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Specific Geological causes The magnitude of the Hanshin earthquake is 72 on the Richter scale The epicenter is 346 N 1350E Awajishima Island 20 miles south of Kobe and the focus of the earthquake was at North latitude 34 degrees east longitude of 135 degrees and 16 km of depth vathena The cause of the Hanshin earthquake is because of the location where Japan is Kobe is located the farthest away from the three big tectonic plates Pacific Eurasian and Philippine Kobe is also located right under parts of the fault that was already broken down from big earthquakes in 1944 and 1946 so it would have more possibilities to have an earthquake Kobe is also a little off the Median Tectonic Line an area of strike-slip faults The strike-slip fault is a movement in the crust going up and down which causes earthquakes The land moved 7 in horizontally and 4 in vertically at the earthquake The aftershock of the Hyogo-Ken Nanbu Hanshin earthquake traveled on the north side of the Awaji Island and also drove across the bay to go along the Honshu coast and then directly underneath the city of Kobe Because of the aftershock it caused to travel all the way and especially right beneath Kobe and also because there were no intersecting and undisturbed fault lines to calm the moving aftershock Kobe received a lot more damage than most other cities that also got in the way of the aftershock Seismo Another factor that caused the Earthquake more devastating than it should have been it deals with the Japanese way of building houses at that time Japanese used heavy materials to build the roofs of the housetop which can cause the earths crust move easier Impact on Society The Kobe earthquake was a Monster This earthquake that only lasted twenty-thirty seconds destroyed almost half of Kobe At least 9914 billion Yens were spent to restore
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