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Word Count: 1,441
The term Theatre of the Absurd is used to categorise plays which do not follow conventional play structures The main aim of these plays is to transfer the writers vision of the world onto the stage and generally comment on the human condition Plays such as Waiting for Godot Samuel Beckett The Dumb Waiter Harold Pinter and The Bald Prima Donna Eugene Ionesco all comment on different types of the human condition but ultimately reflect the meaningless of human existence They provoke thought about the pointlessness of life the powerlessness of people over the course of their lives and the ludicrous values and rules of civilised society In absurdist plays symbols play an integral part of communicating the writers vision to the audience In Waiting for Godot the mysterious stranger Godot who is never seen yet whom the play revolves around can be seen to symbolise God - And if he comes Well be saved His promises of coming to Vladimir and Estragon continue to be unfulfilled as they patiently wait day after day for his arrival Similarly the dumbwaiter in The Dumb Waiter can be seen as symbol of power It demands a variety of dishes from Ben and Gus complicating their perfectly planned lives and ultimately ordering them to kill the next person to walk through their door The door opens Ben turns his revolver levelled Gus stumbles in they stare at each other Curtain - the final stage directions of The Dumb Waiter The barren wasteland in which Waiting for Godot takes place can be seen as a metaphor for the emptiness of the characters and indeed all peoples lives Metaphors like symbols play a main role in communicating the writers vision and occur in most absurdist plays In The Bald Prima Donna the Martins transformation into the Smith family is a metaphor for the excruciatingly identical lives led by all English households The room in which The Dumb Waiter takes place
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