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In Vitro Fertilization Introduction In vitro fertilization was originally developed to enable women whose fallopian tubes are blocked to bear children because IVF procedures bypass the tubes A womans ovaries are stimulated with strong fertility drugs to produce multiple eggs which are surgically removed Her partner or donor then produces a sperm sample and the eggs and sperm are combined in a glass dish If fertilization occurs the resulting human embryos are inserted into the womans uterus If they implant in the uterine wall a pregnancy will begin The woman will give birth nine months later if she does not miscarry Morales et al p2 A single IVF attempt lasts about three weeks It involves surgery plus repeated ultrasonography and blood drawing The fertility drugs that are essential to the procedure can produce very dangerous side effects IVF is also emotionally stressful since it may fail at any point in the procedure Morales et al p2 The hormonal treatments used in IVF vary from clinic to clinic Some use Lupron injections to suppress the womans ovaries After this initial procedure hyperstimulation drugs are given These injections are done both at home and at the clinic These drugs produce great side effects for the mother During these injections I did experience side effects I was moody and sometimes I was nauseous and I was very stressed Mason 2003 p2 History of Development In vitro in glass fertilization began in Great Britain in the 1970s with Robert Edwards a PhD physiologist and Patrick Steptoe a gynecologist In the 1960s Dr Edwards experimented with human ovaries removed at surgery In 1967 he was the first to fertilize a human egg outside of the body At the same time Steptoe was developing a technique called laparoscopy The two men joined in 1971 and began using laparoscopy on volunteers In 1976 they attempted their first pregnancy This first attempt ended in an ectopic pregnancy but they achieved success in 1978
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