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Word Count: 1,100
In Lord of the Flies by William Golding the two main characters Ralph and Jack represent weaknesses of succumbing to darkness in order to emphasize mans inevitable fall into savagery Golding demonstrates how mans innate savage nature unavoidably dominates all forms of civility and society by exemplifying the faults of man in a concentrated setting such as the island The novel is considered a fable or a parable because it includes an antagonist a protagonist and a moral lesson The protagonist Ralph who personifies order pragmatism and everymans natural weakness displays power and influence in the beginning but is almost tempted into savagery in the end yet Goldings purpose is to present hope and optimism for human nature Ralph and Piggy discover the conch shell on the beach at the start of the novel and use it to summon the boys together after the crash separates them The conch shell represents a powerful symbol of order and civilization in the novel but although its purpose of preserving order is effective in the beginning its power subsides as quickly as Ralphs His use of the conch in the beginning demonstrates his sensible characteristics and his civilized nature In addition to rationality Ralphs practicality is illustrated by his constant obsession with the state of the fire as Piggy can tell you what Ralphs going to say next the most important thing on the island is the smoke and you cant have no smoke without a fire Golding 158 As part of his rational nature Ralph always reminds the boys about the fire for the sake of their rescue Although the fire is a symbol for hope and civilization it ironically demonstrates the regression of the boys civility in society He is primarily presented as a positive entity but he also possesses an innate savage nature as seen when he partakes in the killing of Simon Although Ralph commits murder he is still not completely submerged into savagery
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