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Leprosy symptoms Leprosy primarily affects the peripheral nerves and secondarily involving skin and certain other tissuesorgans in particular the eye mucosa of the nasal and upper respiratory tract and also the testes It does not affect the central nervous system Where the sensory nerves are damaged in varying degrees they cannot register pain Where the eye is affected it can often lead to blindness A myth that still prevails even in educated societies is that the disease causes flesh to rot and fingers and toes to drop off Nothing could be further from the truth Tragically limbs that are damaged because the victim cannot feel pain sometimes have to be amputated The earliest symptom is often anaesthesia loss of sensation in a patch of skin The patch of skin or skin lesion is usually less pigmented then the rest of the body or copper-coloured The skin lesions may also be raised or have nodules Because of damage to nerves muscles may become paralysed Usually sensory loss begins at the extremities toes fingertips In many advanced cases gangrene sets in causing parts of the body to die and become deformed Where the autonomic nerves are affected it can result in hair loss andor poor or no function of the sweat and sebaceous glands resulting in drying and cracking of the skin exposing the sufferer to secondary infection TYPES OF LEPROSY There are two types of leprosy 1 Paucibacillary PB leprosy results in one to five numb skin patches 2 Multibacillary MB leprosy results in more than five numb skin patches CURES FOR LEPROSY therapy Leprosy in completely curable The use of chaulmoogra oil was for many years the established treatment for leprosy Present day therapy includes the use of drugs such as dapsone rifampin clofazimine and provisions of adequate nutrition The combination of the three above dapsone rifampin and clofazimine is called multi drug therapy MDT
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