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Word Count: 1,185
In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century a new outlook took shape one which differed from the previous enlightenment outlook Late modern thinkers and scientists made revolutionary insights on human nature society itself and the physical universe These thinkers challenged the philosophies of those before them But while achieving all these revolutionary ideas there was the first world war to think about World War I had a dramatic influence on the way people thought and lived It helped nationalism develop but also caused irrationalism at the same time The underlying causes of World War I were the spirit of intense nationalism that filtered through Europe throughout the 19th and into the 20th century the political and economic rivalry among the nations The French Revolution and the Napoleonic era had spread throughout most of Europe the idea of political democracy with the resulting idea that people of the same ethnic origin language and political ideals had the right to independent states The principle of national self-determination however dominated in the settlement of European affairs Several peoples who desired national freedom were made subject to other nations Revolutions and strong nationalistic movements during the 19th century succeeded in abolishing much of the reactionary work of the congress At the close of the century however the problem of nationalism was still unresolved in other areas of Europe resulting in tensions both within the regions involved and between various European nations The spirit of nationalism was also manifest in economic conflict The Industrial Revolution caused an immense increase in the manufactures of each country and a consequent need for foreign markets The principal field for the European policies of economic expansion was Africa and on that continent colonial interests frequently clashed Several times between 1898 and 1914 the economic rivalry in Africa between France and Great Britain and between Germany on one side and France and Great Britain on the other almost
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