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Article II of the US constitution states executive power shall be invested in a President It then goes on to define the role with formal powers and limitations Conventionally the British Prime Minister has been the first among equals and the uncodified British constitution does little in the way of definition of the office These roles seem very different in potential power and influence with the President embodying the executive and the Prime Minister merely leading the governing party This essay will explore the significance in the difference in the respective roles and what part the political system and climate have to play in determining the power of the offices Central to the American political system is the principle of the Separation of Powers maintained by a number of checks and balances This ensures a separate executive and legislature meaning that the President cannot directly intervene in policy In contrast to the US the UK has a fusion of powers in which the executive is taken from the legislature This allows the majority party to form a Government and dominate Parliament As the Head of the governing party the Prime Minister is elected in a constituency like any other MP HeShe has formal powers in the shape of the Royal Prerogative and powers of patronage The President has certain defined formal powers He can block legislation from Congress with his veto a powerful tool in the hands of one man Congress can overturn the veto though historically only 4 of Presidential vetoes have been overturned The President also has control over treaties and appointments although these must be ratified by the Senate The process of ratification can be seen merely as a rubber stamp for the President but as Bush found in 1991 with his nomination to the Supreme Court of Clarence Thomas the Senate is not afraid to challenge the President if need be Some argue that although it appears that the
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