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Word Count: 349
Psychics are people who claim they can predict the unknown This chapter challenges the validity of these predictions It explains that although psychics are sometimes correct in their predictions they could be solely coincidences which are not uncommon in large numbers It also says that psychics make incorrect predictions all the time but those instances are quickly forgotten whereas when they occasionally make a correct presumption it is well remembered Many people have been led to believe that police use the aid of psychics when trying to solve crimes this however in untrue According to a study conducted by Sweat and Durm in 1993 all police officers questioned said the information given by psychics was no more helpful that that of anyone else The study discussed in this chapter was conducted by Richard Wiseman Donald West and Roy Stemman The study was carried out to test psychic ability by comparing the predictions of three students and three psychics The subjects were shown three items that were used in actual crimes they were then asked to choose from the statements given which description applied to each piece of evidence Each subject was put in a room alone with one researcher who was unaware of the correct answers This type of study is called a quasi experiment meaning the subjects are put in set groups The results of this experiment proved the psychics to be no more supernatural than the students The student groups overall average of correct answers was 233 and the psychic groups was 209 The researchers also made note of the additional comments that the subjects made about the objects while they were in the room that did not apply to the statements on the list These comments were given to two other people who were educated about the crimes and they rated these comments on accuracy The comments were rated on a scale from one to seven one being very inaccurate and seven
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