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With reference to social work practice discuss of the following The value base of social work practice Using a service user group of your choice to illustrate your answer Social work value is a phrase that is difficult to define Values can take a number of meanings depending on the usage and context of the setting In everyday language values is used to refer and describe one or all of the following religious moral political or ideological principles beliefs or attitudes Values in social work context refers to a set of fundamental moralethical principles to which social workers areshouldought to be committed for example Code of Conduct for Social Workers as set by General Social Care Council To be able to answer the question fully we need to explain what we mean by social work value base and from where the values have originated So much literature on social work values has concentrated on formulating lists of principles about how social workers should interact with service users Most of the lists of principles are underpinned by the basic principle respect for persons which can be argued is the foundation stone of social work values Plant 1970 The principle of respect for persons originates from Kant an eighteenth century German philosopher So what do we mean by a principle Beauchamp 1996 pp 80-1 defines principle as a fundamental standard of conduct on which many other standard and judgements depend A principle is an essential norm in a system of thought or belief forming a basis of moral reasoning in that system It is also important to distinguish a principle from a rule A rule is more specific and narrow in scope Whereas a principle is much broader in its scope Social work derives it value base primarily from four basic sources namely Kantian Utilitarian and Common Morality and Professional Code of Conduct Biestek 1961 an American catholic priest in the late 1950s is widely
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