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The expression deviance draws reference to frown upon behaviour in a social context the breach of various concerted norm that generally exist in a community or in society Newman 2004 Some types of deviance are determined by criminal law others by social standards morality the expectations of certain social groups the welfare system or the medical vocation Roach-anleu 2003It is subjective to classify what is regarded as deviant since norms and values vary across nations and culture Various forms of action or behaviour may well be respected in one context or by certain groups but may also be viewed negatively by others Giddens 2001687 In this essay we will look at the significance of analyzing deviance through its functions in society the impact of power on what constitutes deviance where two theoretical approaches will be highlighted namely the Conflict Theory and significantly the Labeling Theory in the context of homosexuality We will further examine the social and political implications deriving from the Labeling Theory in particular such as the notion of stigma and its consequences It is paradoxical that deviance is simultaneously pathological and contributory to the make-up of society deviant behaviour conventionally denotes the violation of social norms on the other hand deviance is normal and universal and actually helps maintain social order to a certain extend To understand the importance of deviance in society we must first determine the functions of deviance in a social context Firstly deviance elucidates shared values and norms The establishment of a margin between acceptable behaviour and deviant behaviour helps sustain morality With the absence of deviance there would not be conformity in society Secondly by addressing deviance through social control allow people to have a clear definition of what constitutes deviance and seeks to foster and maintain the perimeters on the moral community Also responding to deviance reinforces social cohesion by making people more mindful of shared values and norms hence bringing members in unity through
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