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Word Count: 1,083
All of these schools observe more or less strictly the rule regarding season-words kigo in Japanese but there are a number of minor schools who rebel against convention in haiku and who disregard either the 5-7-5 form or the use of a season-word or both However even those who omit the season-word reveal in their haiku some consciousness of season Personally I adovocte the orthodox way that gives due regard to the season-word it was a principal ingredient of the haiku when it was differentiated from linked verserenga and gained independant stature and it has remained an essential ever sinceThe Japanese seem to be more season-conscious than Western peoples From its earliest stages Japanese literature has been rich in words concerning the seasons Certain descriptions of the seasons are much admiredBecause Japanese literature is so rich in seasonal terms it was not difficult for early haiku masters to select and estabilish certain words as a special vocabulary to denote the seasons All through Japanese history until well into the Meiji period 1868-1912 the Japanese regulatedtheir lives and celebrated their festivals by the lunar calendar When the Gregorian calendar was adopted it caused some difficulty in the choice of season-words For almost a century both calendars were used side-by-side and even today some events are governed by the luner calendar especially in the countryside As a result of this change of calendars many other old season-words that fit the luner caalender do not fit the new calendar but we continue to use them On the other hand many other old season words have been discarded and many new ones adopted changes take place contunually The number of season-words for Japanese haiku has never been constant varying from tree to five thousand at different times and according to different authorities We use a glossary of season-words to check whether a word can be used to denote a season Glossaries are of two kinds kiyose
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