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The Voyage to the New WorldFirst of all King Ferdinand of Aragon and Queen Isabella ofCastille got married in 1464 The main reason that they got married wasto unite their kingdoms into Spain The king and queen were RomanCatholic so they gave power to certain people to convert non-Catholics toCatholicism In 1482 the Roman Catholic monarchs renew the reconquistathe military crusade ordered to conquer the remaining Muslim state inIberia Granada In 1492 the Roman Catholic monarchs ordered allnon-converted Jews expelled from Spain In April 1492 Spain received reports that the Portuguesesucceeded in reaching the Indian Ocean therefore Spanish monarchsauthorized Christopher Columbus to sail to Asia and establish trade andstart to convert natives to Christianity The reasons that the monarchslet Columbus sail were mainly to search for spices and profits spreadChristianity and to use some of their new technology like the caravel Columbus would receive one-tenth of all the profits and governance of thenew lands would be shared by the monarchs and by Columbus There were mainly three different types of natives who lived inthe Caribbean There were the Ciboneys in Cuba Caribs in the lesserAntilles and Taino-Arawaks in the Bahamas Cuba Jamaica Hispanolaand Puerto Rico The population of the Caribbean Islands was probablynot too much more than 1500000 of which about 1000000 lived mainly inHispanola Hispanola was the center of Taino culture Between 1509 and1520 the demand for native labor increased and the native populationsteeply decreased Here is a table of how rapidly the population of theTainos decreased 1492- 1000000 about1514- 280001508- 92000 1518- 160001509- 62000 1540- 2501510- 66000 1570- 1251512- 27000By the 1540 s the native population of the Tainos did not even exceed1000 In October 1492 Columbus s ships were bound for Japan China andthe Indies but they arrived in the Bahamas In May 1493
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