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How a civilization gets power and how they use it can determine how prosperous they are Looking back in western civilization we find five major civilizations Mesopotamian Jewish Egyptian Greek and Roman Mesopotamians used a primitive democracy to control their society Jewish people followed a single god that came in the human form to them Egyptians were ruled by pharaohs which were believed to be gods Greeks believed in human talent and those humans controlled what happened in their society The Romans were governed by men who at first were elected by the people but eventually the leaders gained power through blood Each civilization became more advanced as time went on and the first were the Mesopotamians In Mesopotamia the people were governed by a counsel of elders and had an elected king in times of war Western Civilization pg 15 This worked well for a long time until the temporary king took over all the powers Having a counsel of people deciding who gets what when and how much makes life easier It makes life easier because people didnt have to worry about having one leader that would give everything to the more important people they could count on if one counsel member wanted to do something absurd the other counsel members would make sure it couldnt be put on the people It could be thought of a system of checks and balances something that has been put to use in the US government Even though this was working quite well there was a turning point when the temporarily elected king took over all the power This period was worse for the majority of people because they wouldnt be considered in the kings thoughts Lower class people slowly dropped lower on the ladder almost to nothing However there were some advantages to having only one leader in charge There werent conflicts between people in power it took considerably less time to make
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