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Perhaps if I believed strongly in the work of one theorist this paper would not prove to be so difficult The truth is I find each classical theorists work to hold certain underlying principles which justifies their ideology- therefore I can not disagree Whether it is Smith Marx or Weber they all have some basic premise which it would be difficult for opponents to negate That is why I have decided to present the work of perhaps the three most important theorists who established the groundwork from which all other theorists began I will not only support each theorists ideas I will also try them and see where it is that they are flawed Since mans introduction to modernization it has been the goal of theorists to determine how states can reach the age of industrialization Theorists asked themselves what are the necessary components for a state to become modern and then how will that state acquire those vital components It was the work of one Adam Smith who is a Realist that laid the foundation from which all other theories are grounded an Institutionalist including the work of Karl Marx a Dependency theorist and Max Weber perhaps an Institutionalist When Adam Smith began his work on modernization he thought of the stages of human development and the mode of subsistence that accompanied it First was the hunting-gathering phase in this phase humans hunted and gathered there food Second came the pastoral phase of human development here cattle is the mode of subsistence Next was the agricultural phase land was the mode of subsistence Then is the commercial phase where labor capitol and machinery are the mode of subsistence By tracking these stages of human development Smith was able to understand and establish basic guidelines for the role of the state His model state was one in which the state was the dependent variable of the market By doing this he felt that there
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