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The work of Martin Luther had a profound effect on Bachs chorale music Just o give you a little background on Martin Luther he and Bach were born in the same province of Eisleben Luther was raised in a strict religious atmosphere of the Roman Catholic Church Luther was terrified by thoughts of the wrath of God He continually sought a means in finding inward peace To achieve this goal he entered an Augustinian Monastery in 1505 Two years later he was ordained as a priest During this time Luther was devoted to the church but turned from philosophy to the Bible as a basis of his theological conclusions These conclusions ultimately led him to combat some doctrines and practices of the church He was officially branded a heretic and was excommunicated for his radical defiance of Papal authority Luther later publicly professed his implicit obedience to the church and boldly denied the absolute power of the PopeOne of the most significant events of the Renaissance was the religious movement of the 16th century It divided the Western Church into two opposing factions and produced the various branches of the Protestant Church Martin Luther was the man that directed the German formationLuther himself composed chorales the best known of which is Ein Feste Burg The melody is woven from Gregorian and other reminiscences and the words are a paraphrase from psalm 46 Ein Feste Burg is hailed as one of the greatest sources of insight in the Christians battle against SatanDuring Luthers time congregational chorales were performed in the church service without accompaniment They were most often sung with the choir in unison and occasionally the congregation would sing the melody while the choir sang a simple polyphonic harmonization However the pipe organ was used to preludize to give the initial pitch to the priest and choir It was used with chorales in alternation with the choir one verse played by the organ and the
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