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Freud didnt exactly invent the idea of the conscious versus unconscious mind but he certainly was responsible for making it popular The conscious mind is what you are aware of at any particular moment your present perceptions memories thoughts fantasies feelings etc Working closely with the conscious mind is what Freud called the preconscious what we might today call available memory anything that can easily be made conscious the memories you are not at the moment thinking about but can readily bring to mind Now no one has a problem with these two layers of mind But Freud suggested that these are the smallest parts The largest part by far is the unconscious It includes all the things that are not easily available to awareness including many things that have their origins there such as our drives or instincts and things that are put there because we cant bear to look at them such as the memories and emotions associated with trauma According to Freud the unconscious is the source of our motivations whether they are simple desires for food or sex neurotic compulsions or the motives of an artist or scientist And yet we are often driven to deny or resist becoming conscious of these motives and they are often available to us only in disguised form Freudian psychological reality begins with the world full of objects Among them is a very special object the organism The organism is special in that it acts to survive and reproduce and it is guided toward those ends by its needs such as hunger thirst the avoidance of pain and sex A part -- a very important part -- of the organism is the nervous system which has as one its characteristic sensitivity to the organisms needs At birth that nervous system is little more than that of any other animal an it or id The nervous system as id translates the organisms needs into motivational forces
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