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After reading Lu Xun and Gogols Diary of a Madman it is apparent that the writing style and the choice of themes treated in Lu Xuns Diary of a Madman are influenced by Gogols Diary of a Madman but Lu Xun presents the story in a more penetrating and elaborate way to accentuate the themes Before revealing how Lu Xun incorporates Gogols ideas into his work we first examine the contacts between Lu Xun and Gogol Lu Xuns writing career began from his indignation and poignancy toward Chinas underdevelopment and her corrupting tradition Therefore he advocated people to learn from foreign countries He also read many foreign authors works and introduced them to Chinese readers Among these authors Gogol was the one whom he admired most Starting from February of 1935 he spent almost a year to translate Gogols work A Specters Spirit and later translated his other works A Nose q and Spying on Gogols mind 000oe-- V Besides later when Lu Xun commented on his early works he said the theme of Diary of a Madman is to expose the vice in Chinese tradition Its impact is broader than Gogols indignation and more concrete than Nietzsches remote and inscrutable supermanfrom the prologue of the second series of the New Chinese Literature From these evidences though they had not met each other Gogols works indeed had great impact on him especially on his early works Though both stories are written in diary form the concept of time and the narrative methods are presented differently In Gogols story time is expressed in dates The dates become less understandable when time proceeds and the date in the last entry becomes upside down and inside out The disorder of the dates reveals the madmans increasing insanity and so indicates he further detaches from the reality and recoils into his own fantasy Yet in Lu Xuns story the concept of time is indicated by
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