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Topic 4 Discuss the physiological changes that occur in humour differentiating between laughter and silent appreciation of humour How strong is the research evidence for these physiological changes Theories of humour Perspective from the humanities The humanities have been concerned with the nature of comedy and laughter Without laughter life on our planet would be intolerable Steven Allen 1981 and the comedy had critics from ancient Greeks to present Comedy relabels mans imperfection leaves him more tolerant and gives him the courage to face life This is theme of most comedy writers and comedians Comedy is not just a happy as opposed to an unhappy ending but a way of surveying life Kronenberger 1952 Philosophical perspective From this perspective humour is the enjoyment of the misfortunes of others and comedy is an imitation of men at their worst There are two ingredients in Morrealls theory 19831987 one is a change of psychological state which can be cognitive perceptual or affective emotional and two is that must be pleasant His laughter theory is the physical activity which end result of laughter with nature expression of amusement Incongruity theories This theory has been considered as a classic traditional theory Surprise ambivalence conflict and incongruity have been humorous experience There must be a sudden shock or conflict of ideas or emotions which produces the absurdity resulting in a burst of laughter As Monroe 1951 described the experience of ambivalent emotions we laugh whenever on contemplating an object or situation we find opposite emotions struggling within us for mastery Research found the physiological changes that occur in humour Blood heart and muscular William Fry 1987 1992 who was the first to examine the physiological correlates of humour has described what seem to be the paradoxical effects of laughter upon stress- related physiological processes Fry found that humour specifically laughter was associated with signs of arousal The laughter resulted in physiological changes including rapid increases
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