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PART ONE-RESEARCH Part One-Research of Three Theorists Although Piaget Erikson and Kohlberg are three separate people with three separate ideas of development they all pretty much cover the same ground With different time spans these three theorists touch base on how a person develops successfully Piaget used four stages to define his Cognitive Development theory Erikson used eight stages to uphold his theory that Psychosocial Development occurred through an entire lifetime and not just childhood and Kohlberg used 3 levels two stages in each level to prove his theory that people progressed through stages of moral development PIAGET Jean Piaget had a lifetime plant sedum interest and studied the snail Limnaea Stagnalis for years Piaget had a strong belief that adaptations were continuous through life In which a heredity structure of the organism interacts with the environment in such a way as to reconstitute itself for better survival Pulaski 1980 An adaptation in an environment that is led by an intellectual process is an explanation of Piagets theory of how human intelligence develops Piaget believed in something called Social Transmission This was based on the idea that humans matured through stages of cognitive development and that children gain information transmitted by parents teachers and books Piaget figured that all children go through the same stages of intellectual development in the same order but not necessarily at the same pace The first of these stages is called the Sensory Motor Stage taking place when human iswas an infant During this stage infants are discovering relationships between their bodies and their environment The infant focuses on seeing touching sucking feeling and using all their senses to learn things about themselves and their surrounding environment At this time the infant realizes that the external world is not an extension of them Infants at this time may not understand but are introduced to Object Permanence To a young infant if a toy that heshe was playing
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