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The Cold War derived from differences of ideologies between countries The USSR was under communist system which opposed Capitalist US and most of the Western Europe Communism had continually spread through Eastern Europe even threatening Greece Italy and France America Cuba and Mexico since 1960s North Africa Libya in 1970s and even to the Far East It began in 1945 when the USSR occupied the Buffer States after Yalta Conference The US started worrying about countries falling to communism People including Churchill from his Iron Curtain Speech in 1946 accentuated this The US took strong actions in the Berlin crisis from 4849 set up NATO for defense However in October 1949 China surprisingly became a communist state and influenced Korea at the same time This ended up with a war Korean War from 1950 to 1953 The US couldnt successfully stop it spreading only South Korea under 38th parallel was saved In 1954 the US President Eisenhower talked of countries falling to communism one by one like dominoes This view that if one country fell to communism neighboring states would follow became known as the domino effect or theory In 1954 when French withdrew its soldiers from Vietnam after been attacked by Vietminh especially Dien Bien Phu in 1954 Vietnam was divided into two between 16th parallel North was under Ho Chi Minhs communist system and South under Diems government North could attack South at anytime which meant to the US another domino was falling in Asia after China and North Korea As mentioned in Eisenhowers theory this will influence neighboring countries including Cambodia Laos Thailand and even strategic Malacca Cane which consist of Singapore Malaysia and Indonesia During Eisenhowers presidency from 1953 to 1961 massive amounts of economic aid were supplied to South Vietnam and during Kennedys time 16000 Military Advisers who came with huge guns and bombs were sent to Vietnam as a pretext for defending South Vietnam When LB Johnson was elected
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