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Science can be defined as The observation identification description experimental investigation and theoretical explanation of phenomena And a scientist as someone who has an expert knowledge of one or more sciences Today Wallace would be considered a great scientist according to these definitions He came up with the same theories on evolution as Darwin So why will Darwin be remembered as the person whose theories changed our view on evolution while Wallace faded into obscurity To understand this we need to take a look the scientific establishment of the time and which subjects were deemed to be acceptable for scientific research We will see why Wallace was regarded as an outsider not only by his own contemporaries but by 20th century scientific historians and why his studies considered improper Although Wallace and Darwin were contemporaries of each other and shared many of the same evolutionist theories Wallace had a different social background a factor which helped steer him away from the establishment and cause him to be regarded as an outsider Unlike Darwin son of a wealthy doctor and Cambridge graduate Wallace was the son of a failed businessman and grammar school boy Working in Wales as a surveyor Wallace witnessed the crushing effect of rural poverty When he was 20 he wrote the essay the South Wales farmer and noted the landlord likes to buy more land with his spare capital rather than improve these miserable farms OU resource book3 p60 In the same essay he also comments on the superstition and religious practices of the tenant farmers He wrote as might be expected from their ignorance they are exceedingly superstitious which is rather increased than diminished in those who are able to read by their confining their studies to the bible OU resource book3p66 Wallace views on socialism and his skepticism of religion are starting to become evident 2 facts that were to later influence his own personal scientific studies So
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