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Introduction My first thought when I hear the word fallacy is the word false The two words do go together in that a fallacy is described as an error in reasoning WB F p15 These errors can be very persuasive forms of logic and can lead people to believe in conclusions that are false Fallacies come in two different forms Fallacies of relevance and Fallacies of insufficient evidence Fallacies of relevance are fallacies that occur because the premises are logically irrelevant to the conclusionCT pg 140 Fallacies of insufficient evidence are fallacies that occur because the premises though logically relevant to the conclusion fail to provide sufficient evidence to support the conclusion CT pg 140 In this paper I will be discussing three logical fallacies The first fallacy is the Inappropriate Appeal to Authority the second is the Straw Man Fallacy and the third is the Fallacy of Hasty Generalization You will be able to see how each of these fallacies are based on false perceptions whether by the speaker or the audience Inappropriate Appeal to Authority Inappropriate Appeal to Authority is a fallacy that tries to convince you to believe in or follow a person of authority because of their position This fallacy is used everywhere You see it used in television commercials political advertisements magazine articles and more The authorities may be athletes politicians movie or TV stars religious leaders or even family relatives An example could be Brother Where should we go to eat Sister I think that we should eat at Joes I saw the Mayor eat there and so it must be the best Just because the Mayor ate at a restaurant does not make him an authority of which one is best and does not mean that others are not Neither the sister not the Mayor are authorities on what makes a restaurant the best Is the sister biased toward the Mayor or the restaurant Just
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