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Word Count: 1,402
Voltaire uses satire to point out the follies in society during his time in order to help the community reshape their behavior and attitudes He brings to view sin selfishness and religious intolerance that are created by the upper class citizens and religious leaders Voltaire has an ideal society and government in mind but he knows that it is impossible to achieve In order to avoid misery one should live life happily through hard work and honesty Voltaires idea of reform in his novel can be characterized as positive He suggests the need for reform by revealing the evils in society such as hypocrisy especially in the name of religion and the arrogance of wealthy people Throughout the novel Voltaire attacks hypocrisy most prevalent in religion and displays the cruel actions of the priests monks and other religious leaders When Cunegonde and Candide are reunited for the first time Cunegonde tells him the most unfortunate story First she was raped by a Bulgarian and was then held as a prisoner of war Voltaire 40 Later the Bulgar captain sold her as though she was a commodity to a Jewish man by the name of Don Issachar who had to share her with the Grand Inquisitor Voltaire 41-42 Soon after the readers find out that the old woman was also sold again and again Voltaire is showing the immorality of every class and religion This was seen twice in the novel to highlight the lack of human values The old woman was also raped by the Moroccan pirates when she and her mother went on a holiday Voltaire 51 They were then taken to Morocco where the Emperors sons fought to win the old woman and some other ladies Voltaire 52 Voltaire tells us that during the bloodshed and rape the Moroccans never failed to pray five times a day which was recommended by their religion Voltaire 53 His purpose was to explain that whether you
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