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INTRODUCTION The federal government of Canada fifteen years ago in 1984 the Liberal party changed the Juvenile Delinquents Acts to the Youth Offenders Act to have a More human approach to the rights of young people before the lawLeschild and Jaffe 81991 In the present such as Premier Mike Harris of Ontario wants the federal government of Canada to scrap the Young Offenders Act In 1999 the same party that came up with the act is making majors changes to the act This report will look at the young offenders act at the present time look at why kids commit crime what is being done to improve the act what has the province done towards teenagers and also a look at the United Sates youth system WHAT IS YOA The YOA the Young Offenders Act which replaced the 75 years old Juvenile Delinquents Act in 1984 came into effect because since the courts where acting in the best interest of the children little attention was paid to the rights of the children Dickinson et al 1996 403 This had to be changed because of the new Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedom which was passed in 1982 stated that in section 15 that equality before the law without discrimination based on age Dickinson and others 1996744 The changes that were made to the YOA were that age that a child under the age of 11 could not be held criminal responsible While between the age of 12-17 he or she could be held partial criminal responsible Once you reached the age of 18 an adult you were full criminally responsible Dickinson 4041996 If a young offender is sent to court the detail of the crime may be published but the young persons name or a young witness name could not be identified The reason for this was for young people to have another chance in life if they screw up and also to
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