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Word Count: 718
In order to understand how the American government works one must address the questions who governs and for what purpose However the obvious answer may not be the correct one Many may think that those who govern are the people or perhaps politicians In actuality there is no definite individual or particular group who governs Instead governing is a process which involves several groups voters candidates parties executive officials etc who carry out the policies of the people by bargaining supporting and compromising The purpose of those who govern is to bind society in law The Constitution provides legitimacy for the governments purpose ensuring the rights of the people as well as protecting those who are governed from being dominated by those in power One of the most important components of the American government is democracy Democracy is relevant to who governs because it shows that one individual does not govern and although the people may elect someone the process of getting there and the process of staying there involves other institutions that prevent too much power Democracy involves political participation voting and citizen participation Thus one can say that every institution or individual governs in various ways and for different purposes The American government follows Participatory democracy or representative democracy The president is elected to serve the interests of the people He represents the will of the majority just as the title suggests He is authorized to make decisions but he alone does not have full control In an essay concerning civil government John Locke describes how a government functions According to him the only way a government can exist is when the people individually consent to the power of the government under majority rule In order for a government to exist the people must submit to the government if not
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