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Word Count: 1,101
We ought then regard the present state of the universe as the effect of its previous state and the cause of the one which is to follow An intelligence knowing at a given instant of time all the forces operating in nature as well as the position at that instant of all things of which the universe consists would be able to comprehend the motions of the largest bodies in the universe and those of the smallest atoms in a single formula - provided that it was sufficiently powerful to submit all these data analysis To it nothing would be uncertain and the future would be present to its eyes as much as the past This passage comes from PS de Laplaces Philosophical Essay on Probabilities If such determinism is true then everyones every thought and action must be inevitable that no one really has any choice about anything because we are all helpless products of blind forces which have made us what we are In this paper concerning the free will and determinism debate I will argue that determinism is not plausible I shall do this by giving reasons for determining how determinism is false give arguments for determinism and then refute those arguments There are those who think that our behavior is a result of free choice but there are others who presume we are servants of cosmic destiny or that behavior is nothing but a reflex of heredity and environment The position of determinism is that every event is the necessary outcome of a cause or set of causes That everything is a consequence of external forces and such forces produce all that happens Man is not free If we accept the determinist argument and assume human behavior as a consequence of external factors rather than of free choice then we must realize that our explanation of human behavior leaves no room for morality If people
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