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Word Count: 1,226
In recent years there has been a large shift in the international system from the traditional views of nationalism Political identification and human interaction are increasingly crossing national boundaries to create new global connections As a result globalization is becoming a common term associated with world politics But what exactly is globalization Does it refer to the merging of nations a common trade unit no taxation on imports and exports political awareness across the world or in extremes even interfering with other countries domestic affairs Rourke defines the term as the integration of economics communications and culture across national boundaries He also notes that this is greatly attributed to technological advances that have facilitated the fast movement of money merchandise people and information across large distances Transnationalism has grown in connection with globalization and is often viewed as counternationalism as it connects citizens attitudes political identities and interactions across national boundaries However while the frequency of globalization and transnationalism have increased considerably in the past decade it is unreasonable to assume they will replace nationalism as they create more problems than they solve One has to question the possibilities advantages and risks of world citizenship and realize that the consequences outweigh any future benefits In some ways globalization may be useful in creating a common sense of political identity and it appears that such organizations as the United Nations and the European Union are assisting this process Presently the greatest example of regional transnationalism exists in the form of the European Union EU While its primary objective was to advance economic integration among European nations it has also slowly succeeded in achieving minimal political amalgamation However the EU restricts taxes on trade between members and has also instituted a common currency the Euro which became available at the beginning of 1999 While this currency may be more functional economically it is detracting from national pride and the individuality of European nations Internationally units of trade
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