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Thomas Hobbes believes that all people are naturally evil hostile and self-seeking whereas Jean Jacques Rousseau claims that all people are naturally good people and generally happy I plan to prove that Rousseau has the stronger position of the two contract theorists Thomas Hobbes claims all people are hostile and naturally self-seeking Hobbess claims when two people have a desire for the same resource the natural result is war The state of nature as deemed by Hobbes is the natural condition of mankind that what would exist if there were no government no civilization no laws and no common power to restrain human nature The state of nature is a war of all against all in which human beings constantly seek to destroy each other in a never-ending pursuit for power Life in the state of nature is poor nasty brutish and short In the state of nature no security is possible and life is full of horror because of this they want to leave the state of nature Hobbes defines a natural man as an inhabitant of the state of nature who escape from their natural condition by making a contract with each other to create the Leviathan Two natural passions enable people to escapes the state of nature fear and reason Fear makes the natural man want to escape the state of nature reason shows him how to escape Reason provides the natural laws that Hobbes develops A natural law is defined as a general rule discovered by reason that forbids a person from doing anything destructive to her own life and gives her the right of self-preservation A few of the laws of nature are as follows 1 the natural man in order to preserve life must seek peace 2 We must mutually give up certain rights such as the right to take another persons life in order to escape the state of horror in nature 3 it is not enough to
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