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Hobbes and Locke are considered famous political theorists Hobbes argued that man is naturally a bad creature Therefore government particularly monarchy was necessary to restrain mans bestial tendencies because life without government was the state of nature He claimed that without written enforceable rules people would live like animals foraging for food stealing and killing when necessary To escape the trauma of the natural state and to protect their lives men must give up to government certain rights Without government life would be a constant struggle to survive against the evil of others Consequently governments had to intrude on peoples rights and liberties to better control society and provide the necessary safeguards for property Hobbes argued strongly for a single ruler Putting limits on the peoples liberty was according to him a small price to pay for living in a civilized society or even for life itself Hobbes was the author of Leviatan In contrast Locke took the basic survival of humanity for granted He argued that governments major responsibility was the preservation of private property which the theory was included in the US Constitution Locke objected to abuses of power of king James II denied the divine right of the kings to govern Instead he argued that all men are born equal and with natural rights that no king had the power to void but the consent of the people is the only true basis of any sovereigns right to govern According to Locke men form governments largely to preserve life liberty and property and to assure justice If governments act improperly they break their social contract with the people and therefore no longer enjoy the consent of the governed Since he believed that true justice comes from laws Locke argued that the branch of government that makes laws as opposed to the one that enforces or interprets laws should be the most powerful Having a chief executive to administer laws was important but
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