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Marquis versus Thomson on Abortion The debate about abortion focuses on two issues 1 Whether the human fetus has the right to life and if so 2 Whether the rights of the mother override the rights of the fetus The two ethicists who present strong arguments for their position and who I am further going to discuss are that of Don Marquis and Judith Thomson Marquis Future Like Ours FLO theory represents his main argument whereas Thomson uses analogies to influence the reader of her point of view Each argument contains strengths and weaknesses and the point of this paper is to show you that Marquis presents a more sound argument against abortion than Thomson presents for it An in depth overview of both arguments will be presented in the paper as well as a critique of both the pros and cons that stem out from the question-begging arguments To begin with Marquis claims that abortion except perhaps in rare instances is seriously wrong His pro-life position is done without the appeal to personhood and done without appeal to religious premises In spite of the fact that Marquis does not rely on the concept of personhood he shares a key supposition with those who do whether or not abortion is wrong in his outlook depends on something about the fetus it depends on whether a fetus is the sort of being whose life it is seriously wrong to end He believes the fetus is such a being and he sets forth an analysis of why He does this by first stating it is appropriate by discussing what it is about us that makes killing us not only wrong but seriously wrong To understand the wrongness in killing us must be done in terms of what killing us does to us Marquis states that killing us imposes on us the misfortune of premature death That misfortune underlies the wrongness Further that when one is dead
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