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Assess the impact of Stalin on Russia and the Russian people By 1929 Stalin had become sole leader of Russia He said We are between 50 and 100 years behind the west We must make good this difference in 10 years or go under He wanted things to change in Russia quickly and so he brought up the five year plans these were to modernise the Russian economy He also brought up the idea of collectivisation This was to modernise Russian agriculture These two things would transform Russia Stalin had borrowed Trotskys ideas which was very ironic Stalin introduced the five year plans because he wanted to industrialise the Soviet Union he felt it was matter of life or death If his plans failed he believed the Soviet Unions enemies would crush it He wanted rapid industrialisation this was what Trotsky had wanted Stalin gave the responsibility of devising the plans to GOSPLAN the state planning bureau The idea was that the state would decide targets for industrial production and would use central planning and direction of the nations resources to achieve the priorities set out in each plan The first five year plan was launched in 1928 It was to b focused on building up heavy industrys like coal and steel Propaganda was used to try to make the workers finish in just four years The targets were tough but enormous increases in production were achieved The first five year plan was a success The second five year plan 1933-7 concentrated on improving things like transport and production of machinery The third five year plan 1938-41 ran for only three and a half years before it was interrupted by war More and more resources were transferred into defence related industrys When war broke out in 1941 Germany was attacking the worlds second greatest industrial power Fifteen years before Russia had been a backward agriculture nation Russia would not have survived against Germany without the
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