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Aquatics 1 able to define a wetland Wetland A wetland is defined as an area that is seasonally or permanently covered by shallow water and can be either saltwater or freshwater The soils are water-saturated making it ideal for water-tolerant plants to live in Some wetlands serve as an ecotone transitional zone between deeper waters and land systems Wetlands are found in the peripheries of riversstreamslakesponds OR open or wooded areas where the water table is close to the surface Sometimes wetlands may be only ephemeral temporary with varying sizes 2 identify and describe the four major types of wetlands swamps marshes fens and bogs 2 identify plants and animals commonly found in wetlands Marshes A marsh is usually periodically flooded though some may be permanently flooded Therefore the water level varies drastically and it may dry out in the summer Marshes are most productive wetland and has the highest biodiversity of all the habitats in Canada -Plant Life non-woody plants such as cattails reeds sedges coarse grass Marshes that contain open water may have pondweed and duckweed Shrubs such as red-osier dogwood may be found in drier peripheral areas -Animal Life Snails insects waterfowls amphibians etc use marshes as breeding and feeding area Swamps Swamps are periodically flooded by snow melt and rains dry by end of summer The water is still or slow flowing during wetter seasons -Plant Life Woody plants such as white cedar tamarack spruce and maple Shrubs such as willow and dogwood -Animal Life Lacks true aquatic plants Combo of aquatic and land animals Insects amphibians waterfowl and mammals can use it provided that it stays wet long enough for development of their young Song birds nest because of nesting cavities and food insects nuts and berries Bogs Are located in the north and are permanently flooded Are depressions which fill up with water and have poor drainage -Plant Life most dominant vegetation is sphagnum moss
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