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In this reading the two court opinions in the 1969 Supreme Court case of Roe v Wade in Texas The first is the Opinion of the Court delivered by Justice Blackmun and the second is the Dissenting Opinion delivered by Justice White Justice Blackmun begins his opinion with the historical development of criminal abortion laws and how it relates to the state of Texas The first is the Victorian eras concern with illicit sex which has no current affect The second is with the past medical procedure of abortion which was very dangerous to womens health and as Justice Blackmun states The State has a legitimate interest in seeing to it that abortion like any other medical procedure is performed under circumstances that insure maximum safety to the patient The third reason concerns protection of prenatal life As Justice Blackmun later states there are many problems in this area due to disputes over when life begins He then discusses a womans right to abortion in relation to her right to privacy as protected under the Fourteenth and Ninth Amendments and concludes that this right does not mean women can terminate pregnancies for any reason they choose The womans right to privacy is affected by the rights of the potential life she is carrying Justice Blackmun also discusses various groups beliefs on when life begins such as the Jewish Protestant and Romna Catholic Communities and states that courts have been unwilling theories to promote any one of these in overriding a pregnant womens rights The state of Texas however recognizes the end of the first trimester as the point where the state takes legal interest in abortion Since the existing state penal code prohibited abortions before the end of this period Justice Blackmun concluded it could no longer be justified Justice White in his Dissenting Opinion believes that the courts decision has no real constitutional basis to arbituaraly favor the life of the mother over the
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