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Business Motivation INTRODUCTION Motivation can be properly thought of as a process wherebypeople take certain available resources- their time- talent andenergy and distribute them as they choose Maehr Braskamp1986 The objective of this paper is to explore the relationshipsbetween the individual the external environment and the businessenvironment and examine how they interact with each other toeffect the amount of motivation an employee exhibits on the job As with most other models we must take into account the BasicNeeds Theory of Maslow Vroom and Deci 1970 and aftersatisfying those needs we intend to mold our model after theExpectancy Theories of Vroom The Expectancy Theory is asubjective-expected-utility model It states that the forceexerted towards a given act will be a product of the individualsbelief that he or she can perform at a certain level KleinbeckQuast Thierry Hacker 1990 The Equity Theory concerns theworker s perception of how she is being treated The basic ideais that an employ first considers her input effort and then heroutcomes rewards The employee then compares her personal ratioof effort to reward to the ratio of a referent InvancevichLorenzi Skinner and Crosby 1994 We would also like to point out that Motivation is acontinuously changing variable as well as a vector quantity It involves an infinite number of magnitudes and can be exertedin an infinite number of directions This makes an accuratemeasurement of motivation very difficult to accomplish Morris1968 Although the odds are stacked against us we have developeda comprehensive model that measures motivation throughstatistical analysis Understanding our model is assisted by the use of circles toexemplify the various categories affecting motivation Individual External environment Businessenvironment The individual includes such characteristic as personalityeducation experience work
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