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In this essay I want to talk about Homer the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey and the question of whether he truly existed There are many views about Homers existence that have emerged throughout the years I will explain the different sides of this argument by presenting the two most popular theories to this question The first theory is the same view the world had before 1795 Most scholars agree that there was one Homer The second theory argues that there was not one Homer but actually there were many men who composed the works that have been accredited to Homer Lets go back to the first theory As early as 400 BCE the Greeks and the Romans were convinced that Homer was a single man and that he wrote the works that carry his name The Greeks even studied the Iliad and the Odyssey in their schools and regarded these works as masterpieces to the Greek language The existence of Homer was never questioned since there was evidence that showed that the name of Homer was widely known by the 6th and 5th century BCE but for many people this is not enough evidence Scholars who insists that there was only one Homer believe he was a bard which means that he performed his poems orally before an audience He divided the epics into several parts each part to be performed on one evening It has also been suggested that the blind bard Demodicus from the Odyssey was Homer self-portrayed In fact this is where people got the idea that Homer was blind Another interesting observation is the language the epics are written on The Homeric poems are all written in the Ionian dialect suggesting that Homer was from Asia Minor or now called Turkey Its believed that Homer begged his way through seven cities all of which claimed him as their native once he was dead
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