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Social Services Social services are personal or community services provided by the state and non-profit organizations for members of the community In 1048 almhouses for the poor and handicapped are established in England and in the 1300s Bubonic plague kills nearly 13 of the European population labor shortages force the state to intervene and laws are passed to compel all able bodied men to accept employment and alms to able bodied beggars was forbidden In 1313 Christianity was legalized by roman empemperor and the church sanctioned to use donated funds to aid the poor charitable attitudes and behaviors were expected of the rich The statute of Labourers is issued in England in 1348 requiring people to remain on their home manors and work for whatever lords want to pay begging and almsgiving is outlawed except for the aged and those unable to work For the first time a distiction is made between the worthy poor and the unworthy pool In the 1500s Henry 7 in England broke from the Roman church the state confiscates the churches wealth leaving it withouth means to carry out charity expectations Also Spain introduces the first state organized registration of the poor The Elizabethan poor law is established in 1601 built on the experiments of the earlier Henrician poor law 1536and the Parish Poor rate of 1572 this legislation becomes the major codification of deaking with the poor and disadvantaged for over 200 years It included dealing with poor relief at the colonial level taxes people in each parish pay for their own poor it established apprentice programs for poor kids developed workhouses for dependent people and dealt harshley with able bodied poor people In the 1600s Poor Law principles were introduced to the New world by Plymouth colonists By 1650 the influence of Luther Calvin and others has become established and manifested as the protestant ethic a philosophy that became influential in England parts of Europe and American
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