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Civil War Historians have long debated the causes of the Civil War Most say that slavery was the root cause But some historians agree that the war had a number of causes One which they agree was the sectional division between North and the South They also point to the disputes between the federal government and the states over what rights and powers the states possessed Historians further mention the lapse of politicians and the disorder in the American political party system during the 1850s Yet all explanations for the causes of the war have always involved or revolved around the issue of slavery The sectional division between North and South began in colonial times and resulted from geographical differences In the South the earliest settlers found the warm climate and fertile soil ideal for growing tobacco They started many tobacco plantations and brought in black slaves from Africa to provide most of the labor The South thus quickly established a rural way of life supported by an agricultural economy based on slave labor The sectional division between North and South had widened enormously by the mid-1800s By that time the United States had expanded all the way to the Pacific Ocean and was rapidly becoming a major industrial and commercial nation However industry and commerce were centered in the North Many factories using mass-production methods had sprung up there and cities grew rapidly The Northerners welcomed modernization and the consent changes it brought to their way of life The Yankee Protestantism encouraged modernization those ideals included hard work education economic independence and the belief that the community had the right and responsibility to decide whether an action was moral or immoral While Northerners looked forward to a different and better future Southerners held the present and past dear They enjoyed a prosperous agricultural economy based on slave labor and wished to keep their old way of life
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