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DESCRIBE THE WORKINGS OF THE ICJ AND AssESS ITS EFFECTIVENESS The International Court Of Justice ICJ is the principal judicialorgan of the United Nations which succeeded the Permanent court ofInternational Justice after World War Two It gains its legitimacy fromArticle 92 of the UN Charter which allows it to function in accordancewith the annexed Statute which is based upon the Statute of the PermanentCourt of International Justice and forms an integral part of the presentCharter By Article 93 all members of the UN are ipso-facto members of theStatute and that states not members may become parties on conditions to bedetermined in each case by the UN General Assembly on recommendation of theSecurity Council Therefore allowing countries such as Switzerland and SanMarino though not members of the UN to be parties to the Statute of theCourt The court consist of 15 judges no two of whom may be Nationals ofthe same state elected by the General assembly and the Security Council They are elected for 9 years and are eligible for reelections The seat of the court is in Hague Holland but it may holdsessions elsewhere whenever it considers desirable It is a continuingbody The Statute provides that it is permanently in session except duringjudicial vacations It is also an autonomous body It elects its presidentand vice- president appoints its registrar and provides for theappointment of other officers and clerical staff Its function is to pass judgement on disputes between states assuch only states may bring their cases before the court It is open to allstates that are party to the statute and those who agree to the conditionslaid down by the SC The proceedings of the court are carried out in French and Englisheither may be used by the parties Written pleading and oral presentationspresented in one language are translated
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